VEGA 2/0087/12

 

Mineralogical research of specific types of secondary mineral accumulation in selected near-surface underground systems of Slovakia and influence of microbiota on their formation


Duration:
2012-2014
Principal investigator:
Stanislav Jeleň
Investigators from institution:
Peter Andráš, Jarmila Luptáková, Stanislava Milovská, Adrián Biroň, Jakub Bukovina
Co-operating institutions and scientists:

Iveta Štyriaková (Ústav geotechniky SAV)
Milan Seman (Ústav bunkovej biológie a biotechnológie PríF UK, Bratislava)
Tomáš Lánczos (Katedra geochémie PríF UK, Bratislava)
Renáta Fľaková (Katedra hydrogeológie PríF UK, Bratislava)
Česko:
Kamil Zagoršek (Národní museum, Praha)
Karel Žák (Geologický ústav ČAV, Praha)
Ivo Sedláček (Masarykova univerzita, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Brno)
Nemecko:
Juraj Majzlan (Institut für Geowissenschaften, Bereich Mineralogie, Jena)
Španielsko:
Juan Ramon Vidal Romani (Univerzita v La Coruna)
Poľsko:
Michal Gradzinski (Univerzita Jagelonska, Krakov)
Helena Hercmann (Geologický ústav Poľskej akadémie vied, Varšava)
Rusko:
Kovalenker V.A., Černyšev I.V., Prokofjev V.Ju., Škoľnik E.L., Žegallo E.A. (IGEM, GEOCHI, PIN RAV v Moskve)

Anotation:

The research is focused on complex mineralogical and geochemical study of secondary mineral associations in selected shallow underground systems of Slovakia, the conditions and processes of the possible intervention of microorganisms. It is based on results of previous work the authors of the research team and preliminary examination of various specific forms of speleothem (secondary mineral accumulation), particularly in the cave environment, especially carbonates, opal, as well as oxides and hydroxides of Fe and Mn. Detailed microbiological studies complement and extend knowledge about poorly-known phenomenon of microbial biota colonised the habitats and their participation in the morphogenesis of these services. The obtained results may also apply to the proposed method of filling this particular cave, and spread knowledge and value of caves, most of which belongs to the national nature monuments and UNESCO – preserved nature monuments.